130+ Animals That Start With E – Listed With Names, Pictures & Fun Facts.

Are you in the middle of exploring the animal kingdom? If so, now it is time to learn about the animals that start with E. This article features a comprehensive list of over 100 animals, each with their characteristics and fun facts.

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Join us as we explore these incredible creatures one by one, and discover which ones might just capture your heart along the way. Let’s continue!

List Of Animals That Start With E

  1. Eagle
  2. Earthworm
  3. Echidna
  4. Edentate
  5. Eel
  6. Eft (a juvenile newt)
  7. Egg
  8. Egret
  9. Eland
  10. Electric Eel
  11. Elephant
  12. Elephant Seal
  13. Elephant Shrew
  14. Elk
  15. Elver (a young eel)
  16. Emu
  17. English Bulldog
  18. Ermine
  19. Erne (another term for an eagle)
  20. Escargot (land snail)
  21. Eskimo Dog
  22. European Fire Salamander
  23. European Water Vole
  24. Ewe (female sheep)
  25. Ewlet (a young owl)
  26. Eyas (young hawk or falcon)
  27. Eared Grebe
  28. Earthworm
  29. Earwig
  30. Eastern Gorilla
  31. Eastern Towhee (bird)
  32. Echidna
  33. Eel
  34. Eft (juvenile newt)
  35. Egret
  36. Egyptian Mau (cat breed)
  37. Egyptian Vulture
  38. Electric Eel
  39. Elephant
  40. Elephant Seal
  41. Elephant Shrew
  42. Elf Owl
  43. Elkhound (Norwegian Elkhound)
  44. Elver (young eel)
  45. Emerald Tree Boa
  46. Emu
  47. English Bulldog
  48. English Cocker Spaniel
  49. English Foxhound
  50. English Setter
  51. English Springer Spaniel
  52. Entlebucher Mountain Dog
  53. Equestrian
  54. Ermine
  55. Erne (another term for an eagle)
  56. Eskimo Dog
  57. Essex Skipper (butterfly)
  58. European Bison
  59. European Fire Salamander
  60. European Water Vole
  61. Exocet (fish)
  62. Eyas (young hawk or falcon)
  63. Eft (juvenile newt)
  64. Eagle Ray
  65. Earless Seal
  66. Earthworm
  67. Earwig
  68. Eastern Gorilla
  69. Eastern Towhee (bird)
  70. Echidna
  71. Edentate
  72. Eel
  73. Eft (juvenile newt)
  74. Egg
  75. Egret
  76. Egyptian Mau (cat breed)
  77. Egyptian Vulture
  78. Electric Eel
  79. Elephant
  80. Elephant Seal
  81. Elephant Shrew
  82. Elf Owl
  83. Elkhound (Norwegian Elkhound)
  84. Elk
  85. Elver (young eel)
  86. Emu
  87. English Bulldog
  88. English Cocker Spaniel
  89. English Foxhound
  90. English Setter
  91. English Springer Spaniel
  92. Entlebucher Mountain Dog
  93. Ermine
  94. Erne (another term for an eagle)
  95. Eskimo Dog
  96. Essex Skipper (butterfly)
  97. European Bison
  98. European Fire Salamander
  99. European Water Vole
  100. Ewe (female sheep)
  101. Ewlet (young owl)
  102. Exocet (fish)
  103. Eyas (young hawk or falcon)
  104. Eagle Owl
  105. Eagle Ray
  106. Earless Seal
  107. Earthworm
  108. Earwig
  109. Eastern Gorilla
  110. Eastern Towhee (bird)
  111. Echidna
  112. Edentate
  113. Eel
  114. Eft (juvenile newt)
  115. Egg
  116. Egret
  117. Egyptian Mau (cat breed)
  118. Egyptian Vulture
  119. Electric Eel
  120. Elephant
  121. Elephant Seal
  122. Elephant Shrew
  123. Elf Owl
  124. Elkhound (Norwegian Elkhound)
  125. Elk
  126. Elver (young eel)
  127. Emu
  128. English Bulldog
  129. English Cocker Spaniel
  130. English Foxhound
  131. English Setter
  132. English Springer Spaniel
  133. Entlebucher Mountain Dog
  134. Equestrian
  135. Ermine
  136. Erne (another term for an eagle)
  137. Eskimo Dog
  138. Essex Skipper (butterfly)
  139. European Bison
  140. European Fire Salamander
  141. European Water Vole
  142. Exocet (fish)
  143. Eyas (young hawk or falcon)
  144. Eared Grebe
  145. Earthworm
  146. Earwig

Eagle

Scientific NameVarious species (e.g., Haliaeetus leucocephalus)
Special HabitPowerful flying raptors
Place of OriginWorldwide, diverse habitats
SizeVaries (small to large)
Commonly Found InVarious ecosystems, mountains, and open landscapes
LifespanUp to 30 years
DietCarnivorous, preys on small mammals and birds
ReproductionBuilds large nests, lays eggs
Conservation StatusVaries by species, some are endangered

Eagles have exceptional eyesight. They can spot prey from great heights. Some species, like the Bald Eagle, are known for their impressive ability to catch fish from the water’s surface.

Eagle Ray

Scientific NameAetobatus species
Special HabitGraceful, marine rays
Place of OriginCoastal waters, tropical and subtropical regions
SizeMedium to large
Commonly Found InCoral reefs, sandy bottoms, and estuaries
LifespanUp to 25 years
DietBottom-dwelling invertebrates, small fish
ReproductionOvoviviparous, gives birth to live young
Conservation StatusVaries by species, some are vulnerable

Eagle Rays are known for their distinctive, wing-like pectoral fins that resemble the shape of an eagle’s wings. These graceful swimmers often glide through the water with elegance.

Eared Grebe

Scientific NamePodiceps nigricollis
Special HabitAquatic diving bird
Place of OriginNorth America, Europe, Asia
SizeSmall to medium
Commonly Found InLakes, ponds, and marshes
Lifespan5-10 years
DietFish, insects, and crustaceans
ReproductionBuilds floating nests, lays eggs
Conservation StatusLeast Concern

Eared Grebes are skilled divers and can spend extended periods underwater. During the breeding season, their striking red eyes and golden “ear” tufts make them stand out.

Earless Monitor Lizard

Scientific NameLanthanotus borneensis
Special HabitNocturnal, secretive lizard
Place of OriginBorneo, Southeast Asia
SizeSmall to medium
Commonly Found InForested areas, near streams
LifespanNot well-documented
DietInsects, small vertebrates
ReproductionNot well-documented
Conservation StatusData Deficient

The Earless Monitor Lizard is known for its unique appearance, lacking external ear openings. This elusive lizard is a master of camouflage, blending seamlessly into its forest environment, and is still relatively mysterious to researchers.

Earthworm

Scientific NameLumbricus terrestris
Special HabitBurrowing, soil-dwelling
Place of OriginWorldwide, various habitats
SizeSmall
Commonly Found InSoil, gardens, and compost heaps
Lifespan4-8 years
DietDecomposing organic matter, soil enrichment
ReproductionHermaphroditic, produces eggs and sperm
Conservation StatusNot applicable

Earthworms are incredible soil engineers. They aerate the soil, improve drainage, and enhance nutrient availability. They are the unsung heroes in promoting plant growth and overall ecosystem well-being.

Earwig

Scientific NameForficula auricularia
Special HabitNocturnal, scavenging insects
Place of OriginWorldwide, diverse habitats
SizeSmall
Commonly Found InGardens, under rocks and debris
Lifespan1-3 years
DietOmnivorous, eats plants and insects
ReproductionMaternal care, lays eggs in soil
Conservation StatusNot applicable

The folklore that earwigs crawl into human ears is a myth, as they prefer dark, damp environments.

East Siberian Laika

Scientific NameCanis lupus familiaris
Special HabitVersatile hunting dog
Place of OriginSiberia, Russia
SizeMedium to large
Commonly Found InSiberian regions, forested areas
Lifespan12-15 years
DietOmnivorous, traditional diet includes meat and fish
ReproductionLitters of puppies
Conservation StatusNot applicable

East Siberian Laikas are known for their endurance and resilience in harsh climates. Bred by indigenous Siberian peoples, these dogs excel in hunting and sled-pulling.

Eastern Barred Bandicoot

Scientific NamePerameles gunnii
Special HabitNocturnal, ground-dwelling marsupial
Place of OriginAustralia, grasslands and woodlands
SizeSmall
Commonly Found InVictoria, Australia
Lifespan2-4 years
DietInsects, plant roots, and fungi
ReproductionMarsupial pouch, short gestation
Conservation StatusEndangered

The Eastern Barred Bandicoot is an expert at creating shallow nests in the ground using grass and leaves. Due to habitat loss and introduced predators, conservation efforts are underway to protect this adorable marsupial from extinction.

Eastern Bluebird

Scientific NameSialia sialis
Special HabitSongbird, cavity nester
Place of OriginNorth America
SizeSmall
Commonly Found InOpen woodlands, gardens, and meadows
Lifespan6-10 years
DietInsects, berries, and fruits
ReproductionMonogamous, builds nests in tree cavities
Conservation StatusLeast Concern

Eastern Bluebirds are skilled insect hunters and are known for their vibrant blue plumage. They play a crucial role in controlling insect populations, making them beneficial guests in gardens and open landscapes.

Eastern Box Turtle

Scientific NameTerrapene carolina carolina
Special HabitTerrestrial, slow-moving turtle
Place of OriginEastern United States
SizeSmall to medium
Commonly Found InWoodlands, grasslands, and marshes
Lifespan50+ years
DietOmnivorous, eats insects, fruits, and plants
ReproductionLays eggs in nests
Conservation StatusNear Threatened

Eastern Box Turtles are known for their hinged plastron. They can completely close their shell for protection. These turtles can live for several decades and are considered a symbol of longevity and resilience.

Eastern Brown Snake

Scientific NamePseudonaja textilis
Special HabitDiurnal, highly venomous snake
Place of OriginAustralia, diverse habitats
SizeMedium-sized
Commonly Found InWoodlands, grasslands, and urban areas
Lifespan8-15 years
DietRodents, birds, and reptiles
ReproductionOviparous, lays eggs
Conservation StatusLeast Concern

Despite its name, the Eastern Brown Snake’s color can vary from brown to orange or black. It is known for its lightning-fast movements and is one of the world’s most venomous snakes.

Eastern Chipmunk

Scientific NameTamias striatus
Special HabitGround-dwelling, burrowing rodent
Place of OriginNorth America, deciduous forests
SizeSmall
Commonly Found InWooded areas, gardens, and parks
Lifespan2-5 years
DietSeeds, nuts, fruits, and insects
ReproductionLitters of young, burrow nests
Conservation StatusLeast Concern

Eastern Chipmunks are known for their cheek pouches, which they use to carry food to their burrows. They can store a large amount of food in these pouches, allowing them to gather supplies efficiently.

Eastern Coral Snake

Scientific NameMicrurus fulvius
Special HabitVenomous, elapid snake
Place of OriginSoutheastern United States
SizeSmall to medium
Commonly Found InWoodlands and coastal areas
Lifespan7-10 years
DietOther snakes, small reptiles
ReproductionOviparous, lays eggs
Conservation StatusLeast Concern

The Eastern Coral Snake has distinctive red, yellow, and black banding, which is a warning signal for its potent venom. It possesses a powerful neurotoxin but is reclusive and rarely poses a threat to humans.

Eastern Cottontail

Scientific NameSylvilagus floridanus
Special HabitNocturnal, ground-dwelling rabbit
Place of OriginNorth America
SizeSmall to medium
Commonly Found InMeadows, fields, and woodlands
Lifespan1-3 years
DietHerbivorous, eats grasses and plants
ReproductionPolygamous, litters of young
Conservation StatusLeast Concern

Eastern Cottontails are prolific breeders, with females capable of producing several litters per year. Their distinctive white cotton-like tail gives them their name and serves as a visual signal to other rabbits.

Eastern Diamondback Rattlesnake

Scientific NameCrotalus adamanteus
Special HabitVenomous pit viper, rattlesnake
Place of OriginSoutheastern United States
SizeLarge
Commonly Found InPine forests, scrublands, and grasslands
Lifespan15-20 years
DietSmall mammals, birds, and reptiles
ReproductionOvoviviparous, gives birth to live young
Conservation StatusNear Threatened

The Eastern Diamondback Rattlesnake is the heavyweight champion among North American venomous snakes. Its rattlesnake tail creates a distinctive buzzing sound, acting as a natural warning system for potential threats.

Eastern Dobsonfly

Scientific NameCorydalus cornutus
Special HabitAquatic larval stage, strong fliers
Place of OriginNorth America, freshwater habitats
SizeLarge
Commonly Found InStreams, rivers, and lakes
Lifespan1-2 weeks (adult stage)
DietAdult: nectar; Larvae: aquatic insects
ReproductionAquatic eggs, larvae in freshwater
Conservation StatusNot evaluated

Male Eastern Dobsonflies have imposing mandibles, but they are used more for mating display than aggression. The larvae, often called “hellgrammites,” are aquatic predators, contributing to freshwater ecosystem health.

Eastern Fence Lizard

Scientific NameSceloporus undulatus
Special HabitBasks on fences and trees
Place of OriginEastern United States
SizeSmall to medium
Commonly Found InWoodlands, rocky areas, and fields
Lifespan4-6 years
DietInsects, spiders, and small invertebrates
ReproductionLays eggs in sandy soil
Conservation StatusLeast Concern

Eastern Fence Lizards are proficient climbers and are often seen sunning themselves on fence posts. Their ability to change color helps them regulate body temperature and camouflage against different backgrounds.

Eastern Glass Lizard

Scientific NameOphisaurus ventralis
Special HabitLegless lizard, mimicry of snakes
Place of OriginSoutheastern United States
SizeMedium to large
Commonly Found InSandhills, pine forests, and grasslands
Lifespan15-25 years
DietInsects, small vertebrates, and eggs
ReproductionOviparous, lays eggs in soil
Conservation StatusLeast Concern

Despite its snake-like appearance, the Eastern Glass Lizard is a legless lizard. It can shed its tail as a defense mechanism, distracting predators while the lizard escapes. Unlike snakes, it has moveable eyelids and external ear openings.

Eastern Gorilla

Scientific NameGorilla beringei beringei
Special HabitGround-dwelling, herbivorous great ape
Place of OriginEastern Africa, mountain and lowland habitats
SizeLarge
Commonly Found InRainforests, montane forests
Lifespan35-40 years (wild), up to 50 years (captivity)
DietHerbivorous, primarily eats plants and fruits
ReproductionGives birth to live young, long gestation
Conservation StatusEndangered

The Eastern Gorilla is the largest living primate and shares about 98% of its DNA with humans. Despite their size and strength, they are generally gentle giants, living in close-knit social groups known as troops.

Eastern Gray Squirrel

Scientific NameSciurus carolinensis
Special HabitArboreal, agile tree-dwelling rodent
Place of OriginNorth America, deciduous and mixed forests
SizeSmall to medium
Commonly Found InUrban areas, parks, and woodlands
Lifespan6-12 years
DietOmnivorous, eats nuts, seeds, and insects
ReproductionPolygamous, gives birth to litters in nests
Conservation StatusLeast Concern

Eastern Gray Squirrels are proficient acrobats, capable of leaping between branches and navigating complex tree canopies. They are known for their characteristic bushy tails, which they use for balance, communication, and as a cozy wrap during cold weather.

Eastern Green Mamba

Scientific NameDendroaspis angusticeps
Special HabitArboreal, highly venomous snake
Place of OriginEast Africa, forests and woodlands
SizeMedium to large
Commonly Found InTrees and dense vegetation
Lifespan8-10 years
DietBirds, small mammals, and reptiles
ReproductionOviparous, lays eggs in arboreal nests
Conservation StatusLeast Concern

The Eastern Green Mamba is one of the fastest and most agile tree-dwelling snakes. Despite its vivid green coloration, it can be challenging to spot in dense foliage, making it a master of camouflage and ambush.

Eastern Hognose Snake

Scientific NameHeterodon platirhinos
Special HabitGround-dwelling, harmless mimicry of cobras
Place of OriginNorth America, varied habitats
SizeMedium
Commonly Found InWoodlands, grasslands, and sandy areas
Lifespan5-10 years
DietToads, frogs, and small mammals
ReproductionOviparous, lays eggs in sandy soil
Conservation StatusLeast Concern

The Eastern Hognose Snake is a master of theatrics. When threatened, it flattens its neck, hisses loudly, and even plays dead by rolling onto its back. Its harmless nature and impressive acting skills make it a fascinating snake.

Eastern Indigo Snake

Scientific NameDrymarchon couperi
Special HabitNon-venomous, burrowing snake
Place of OriginSoutheastern United States
SizeLarge
Commonly Found InPine flatwoods, scrublands, and grasslands
Lifespan15-20 years
DietCarnivorous, preys on small mammals and reptiles
ReproductionOviparous, lays eggs in burrows
Conservation StatusThreatened

The Eastern Indigo Snake is the longest native snake in North America and plays a crucial role in controlling rodent populations. Known for its striking blue-black coloration, it’s often referred to as the “blue indigo.”

Eastern Kingbird

Scientific NameTyrannus tyrannus
Special HabitAerial insectivore, skilled in catching insects mid-air
Place of OriginNorth and South America, various habitats
SizeSmall to medium
Commonly Found InOpen woodlands, fields, and urban areas
Lifespan7-10 years
DietInsects, berries, and small fruits
ReproductionMonogamous, builds cup-shaped nests
Conservation StatusLeast Concern

Despite its small size, the Eastern Kingbird is a fearless defender of its territory. During the breeding season, it displays aggressive behavior, even attacking larger birds or predators to protect its nesting area.

Eastern Lowland Gorilla

Scientific NameGorilla beringei graueri
Special HabitGround-dwelling, herbivorous great ape
Place of OriginEastern Democratic Republic of the Congo
SizeLarge
Commonly Found InLowland tropical forests
Lifespan35-40 years (wild), up to 50 years (captivity)
DietHerbivorous, primarily eats plants and fruits
ReproductionGives birth to live young, long gestation
Conservation StatusEndangered

The Eastern Lowland Gorilla is the largest of the four gorilla subspecies and is distinguishable by its stocky body and dark fur. Despite their imposing appearance, these gorillas are gentle and form close-knit family groups led by a dominant silverback.

Eastern Meadowlark

Scientific NameSturnella magna
Special HabitGround-dwelling songbird, known for distinctive song
Place of OriginNorth America, grasslands and meadows
SizeSmall to medium
Commonly Found InOpen fields, agricultural areas
Lifespan5-10 years
DietInsects, seeds, and small fruits
ReproductionMonogamous, builds cup-shaped nests
Conservation StatusLeast Concern

The Eastern Meadowlark is a talented vocalist with a flute-like song that enhances the ambiance of grassy landscapes. It often delivers its melodious tunes from perches, making it a delightful addition to rural soundscapes.

Eastern Phoebe

Scientific NameSayornis phoebe
Special HabitInsect-catching flycatcher
Place of OriginNorth America, various habitats
SizeSmall
Commonly Found InWoodlands, suburban areas
Lifespan2-5 years
DietInsects, spiders, and small invertebrates
ReproductionMonogamous, builds cup-shaped nests
Conservation StatusLeast Concern

The Eastern Phoebe is an industrious insect hunter that helps control pest populations. Its name “Phoebe” is onomatopoeic, reflecting the distinctive sound of its call, which sounds like “fee-bee.”

Eastern Racer

Scientific NameColuber constrictor
Special HabitSwift, agile snake known for speed
Place of OriginNorth America, diverse habitats
SizeMedium to large
Commonly Found InGrasslands, woodlands, and open areas
Lifespan6-10 years
DietSmall mammals, birds, and reptiles
ReproductionOviparous, lays eggs in hidden sites
Conservation StatusLeast Concern

The Eastern Racer is one of the fastest snakes, capable of reaching speeds up to 4 miles per hour. It is non-venomous and relies on its speed and agility to capture prey.

Eastern Rat Snake

Scientific NamePantherophis alleghaniensis
Special HabitClimbing, constricting snake
Place of OriginNorth America, various habitats
SizeMedium to large
Commonly Found InForests, grasslands, and urban areas
Lifespan15-20 years
DietRodents, birds, and eggs
ReproductionOviparous, lays eggs in concealed sites
Conservation StatusLeast Concern

The Eastern Rat Snake is an excellent climber and is often found in trees. It is non-venomous and is beneficial in controlling rodent populations.

Eastern Tiger Snake

Scientific NameNotechis scutatus
Special HabitTerrestrial, venomous snake
Place of OriginAustralia, diverse habitats
SizeMedium to large
Commonly Found InCoastal regions, wetlands, and woodlands
Lifespan10-15 years
DietFrogs, reptiles, small mammals
ReproductionViviparous, gives birth to live young
Conservation StatusLeast Concern

Despite its name, the Eastern Tiger Snake doesn’t belong to the tiger snake genus. Found in Australia, this snake possesses a unique venom that primarily affects the nervous system, making it a fascinating yet potentially dangerous species in its habitat.

Eastern Turkey (Wild Turkey)

Scientific NameMeleagris gallopavo
Special HabitGround-dwelling, foraging bird
Place of OriginNorth America, diverse habitats
SizeLarge
Commonly Found InForests, grasslands, and open areas
Lifespan3-5 years (wild), up to 10 years (captivity)
DietOmnivorous, eats seeds, insects, and small animals
ReproductionOviparous, females lay eggs in nests
Conservation StatusLeast Concern

The Eastern Turkey, also known as the Wild Turkey, is a resilient bird with remarkable courtship displays. Males, known as toms, exhibit vibrant feather displays and distinctive calls during the breeding season to attract females.

Eastern Woodrat

Scientific NameNeotoma floridana
Special HabitNocturnal, solitary rodent
Place of OriginNorth America, various habitats
SizeMedium
Commonly Found InForests, grasslands, and rocky areas
Lifespan2-3 years
DietHerbivorous, eats seeds, fruits, and vegetation
ReproductionPolygamous, gives birth to litters
Conservation StatusLeast Concern

The Eastern Woodrat is a skilled builder, creating complex nests made of sticks, leaves, and other materials. It often hoards objects such as bones and shiny items, leading to the creation of unique “packrat middens.”

Echidna

Scientific NameTachyglossidae
Special HabitNocturnal, burrowing monotreme
Place of OriginAustralia, New Guinea, Tasmania
SizeSmall to medium
Commonly Found InForests, grasslands, and deserts
Lifespan15-20 years
DietInsectivorous, feeds on ants and termites
ReproductionEgg-laying mammal, lays eggs in a pouch
Conservation StatusLeast Concern

The Echidna is one of only two monotreme species, laying eggs like reptiles but producing milk for their young. Their long, sticky tongue is ideal for capturing ants and termites, their primary source of food.

Eclectus Parrot

Scientific NameEclectus roratus
Special HabitArboreal, brightly colored parrot
Place of OriginPapua New Guinea, Solomon Islands
SizeSmall to medium
Commonly Found InRainforests, woodlands, and savannas
Lifespan20-30 years (captivity)
DietFruits, seeds, nuts, and blossoms
ReproductionMonogamous, nests in tree hollows
Conservation StatusLeast Concern

The Eclectus Parrot is known for its vibrant plumage, and interestingly, males and females have such distinct colors that they were once thought to be separate species.

Edible Frog

Scientific NamePelophylax esculentus
Special HabitSemi-aquatic, vocalizing frog
Place of OriginEurope, western Asia, and parts of Africa
SizeSmall to medium
Commonly Found InLakes, ponds, and marshes
Lifespan3-5 years
DietInsects, spiders, small invertebrates
ReproductionOviparous, lays eggs in water
Conservation StatusLeast Concern

The Edible Frog earned its name due to historical references of people consuming its legs. However, it is not commonly consumed today, and its vocalizations are more recognized than its taste.

Eel

Scientific NameAnguillidae
Special HabitAquatic, serpentine fish
Place of OriginWorldwide, various habitats
SizeSmall to large
Commonly Found InFreshwater and saltwater environments
Lifespan10-30 years, species-dependent
DietCarnivorous, feeds on insects, crustaceans, and fish
ReproductionCatadromous, migrates to spawn in the ocean
Conservation StatusVaries by species, some are of conservation concern

Eels have a unique life cycle where they hatch in the ocean, travel to freshwater to grow and mature, and then return to the ocean to spawn. Some eels undertake incredible migrations.

Eel catfish

Scientific NameTachysurus fulvidraco
Special HabitBottom-dwelling, catfish species
Place of OriginAsia, freshwater habitats
SizeMedium to large
Commonly Found InRivers, lakes, and ponds
Lifespan5-10 years
DietOmnivorous, feeds on small fish, insects, and plant matter
ReproductionOviparous, lays eggs
Conservation StatusNot Evaluated

The Eel Catfish is named for its elongated, eel-like body. It has distinctive long barbels around its mouth, which it uses to detect food in its aquatic environment.

Eelpout

Scientific NameZoarcidae
Special HabitBenthic, deep-sea fish
Place of OriginNorthern Hemisphere, deep-sea habitats
SizeSmall to medium
Commonly Found InCold deep-sea environments
LifespanVaries (typically a few years)
DietCarnivorous, feeds on small fish and invertebrates
ReproductionOviparous, lays eggs in nests
Conservation StatusNot Evaluated

The Eelpout, also known as the “wolf fish,” is well-adapted to the cold, dark depths of the ocean. Some species have specialized proteins in their blood that act like antifreeze, allowing them to survive in freezing temperatures.

Egret

Scientific NameArdea, Egretta, and others
Special HabitWading bird, long-legged
Place of OriginWorldwide, wetlands and shallow waters
SizeSmall to large
Commonly Found InMarshes, rivers, and lakes
Lifespan15-20 years (depending on the species)
DietCarnivorous, feeds on fish, amphibians, and insects
ReproductionBuilds nests in trees, lays eggs
Conservation StatusVaries (some species are of conservation concern)

Egrets are known for their graceful appearance and are often seen standing motionless in water, patiently waiting for prey. Some species, like the Great Egret, have beautiful plumes that were historically sought after for fashion, leading to conservation concerns.

Egyptian Cobra (Egyptian Asp)

Scientific NameNaja haje
Special HabitTerrestrial, venomous snake
Place of OriginAfrica, various habitats
SizeMedium
Commonly Found InGrasslands, forests, and deserts
Lifespan12-20 years (captivity)
DietCarnivorous, preys on rodents, birds, and other small animals
ReproductionOviparous, lays eggs
Conservation StatusLeast Concern

The Egyptian Cobra, also known as the Egyptian Asp, was famously associated with ancient Egyptian culture and mythology. It was symbolically represented as a protective deity and, unfortunately, has been implicated in historical incidents, including the death of Cleopatra.

Egyptian Goose

Scientific NameAlopochen aegyptiaca
Special HabitWaterfowl, often found near water bodies
Place of OriginAfrica, natural and man-made water bodies
SizeMedium to large
Commonly Found InLakes, rivers, and marshes
Lifespan15-20 years
DietHerbivorous, grazes on grass and vegetation
ReproductionMonogamous, nests near water, lays eggs
Conservation StatusLeast Concern

Despite its name, the Egyptian Goose is native to Africa, not Egypt. The chestnut patch on its chest and a dark eye patch make it easily recognizable.

Egyptian Mau

Scientific NameFelis catus (domestic cat breed)
Special HabitDomestic cat, known for spots and markings
Place of OriginEgypt (domestic breed)
SizeMedium
Commonly Found InDomestic settings
Lifespan12-15 years (average)
DietCarnivorous, commercial cat food, and sometimes prey
ReproductionOviparous, gives birth to live kittens
Conservation StatusNot Applicable (domestic breed)

The Egyptian Mau is one of the few naturally spotted breeds of domestic cats. It is admired for its distinctive coat pattern.

Egyptian Tortoise

Scientific NameTestudo kleinmanni
Special HabitTerrestrial, small tortoise species
Place of OriginNorthern Africa, arid regions
SizeSmall
Commonly Found InDesert habitats
Lifespan50-100 years
DietHerbivorous, grazes on vegetation
ReproductionOviparous, lays eggs in sandy soil
Conservation StatusCritically Endangered

The Egyptian Tortoise is one of the smallest tortoise species and faces significant threats due to habitat loss and illegal pet trade, leading to its critical conservation status.

Egyptian Vulture

Scientific NameNeophron percnopterus
Special HabitScavenger, often seen near carcasses
Place of OriginEurope, Asia, and Africa
SizeMedium
Commonly Found InOpen landscapes, cliffs, and mountains
Lifespan20-30 years
DietScavenges on carcasses, eats bones
ReproductionBuilds nests on cliffs, lays eggs
Conservation StatusEndangered

Egyptian Vulture is known for its remarkable tool-using behavior. It uses rocks to crack open ostrich eggs.

Eider

Scientific NameSomateria (genus)
Special HabitSea duck, migratory
Place of OriginNorthern Hemisphere, coastal waters
SizeLarge
Commonly Found InCoastal habitats, especially in the Arctic
Lifespan20 years (approximate)
DietOmnivorous, feeds on mollusks, crustaceans, and plants
ReproductionNests in colonies, lays eggs
Conservation StatusVaries (some species are of conservation concern)

Female eiders are known for their soft down feathers, which they use to line their nests. These down feathers are collected for bedding in Iceland.

Eland

Scientific NameTaurotragus spp.
Special HabitHerbivorous, grazer
Place of OriginAfrica, grasslands and savannas
SizeLarge
Commonly Found InOpen grasslands and woodland areas
Lifespan15-20 years
DietHerbivorous, primarily grasses and leaves
ReproductionPolygamous, gives birth to one calf
Conservation StatusLeast Concern

Elands are known for their impressive spiral horns, which can reach lengths of up to 4 feet. These horns are twisted and can be used for defense against predators.

Elasmosaurus

Scientific NameElasmosaurus platyurus
Special HabitExtinct marine reptile, swimmer
Place of OriginNorth America, Cretaceous seas
SizeLarge (long-necked plesiosaur)
Commonly Found InAncient oceans
LifespanExtinct (Cretaceous period)
DietCarnivorous, fish and other marine animals
ReproductionOviparous (lays eggs)
Conservation StatusExtinct

Elasmosaurus had an exceptionally long neck, which was over half of its total length. It was a skilled swimmer, propelling itself through the water with its paddle-like limbs.

Elasmotherium

Scientific NameElasmotherium sibiricum
Special HabitExtinct, large herbivorous mammal
Place of OriginEurasia, Pleistocene period
SizeLarge (giant rhinoceros)
Commonly Found InGrasslands and steppe habitats
LifespanExtinct (Pleistocene epoch)
DietHerbivorous, grazed on grasses
ReproductionViviparous (gave birth to live young)
Conservation StatusExtinct

Elasmotherium is commonly known as the “Siberian Unicorn” due to its large size and single horn on its forehead. However, it is more closely related to rhinoceroses than horses.

Electric Catfish

Scientific NameMalapterurus electricus
Special HabitNocturnal, electric organ for navigation
Place of OriginAfrica, freshwater habitats
SizeMedium
Commonly Found InRivers and lakes
Lifespan8-15 years
DietCarnivorous, feeds on fish and invertebrates
ReproductionOviparous, lays eggs
Conservation StatusLeast Concern

Electric Catfish can produce electric discharges, not only for self-defense but also for electrolocation to navigate and find prey in muddy or dark waters.

Electric Eel

Scientific NameElectrophorus electricus
Special HabitNocturnal, electric organ for hunting
Place of OriginSouth America, freshwater habitats
SizeLong (can reach lengths of up to 8 feet)
Commonly Found InRivers and streams
Lifespan10-15 years
DietCarnivorous, feeds on fish and invertebrates
ReproductionOviparous, lays eggs
Conservation StatusLeast Concern

Electric Eels are capable of producing strong electric shocks, not only for hunting but also for communication and navigation in their underwater environments.

Elegant Tern

Scientific NameThalasseus elegans
Special HabitCoastal bird, exceptional flier
Place of OriginWorldwide coastal regions
SizeMedium
Commonly Found InCoastal areas, islands
Lifespan20-30 years
DietCarnivorous, fish and invertebrates
ReproductionColonial nester, lays eggs in colonies
Conservation StatusLeast Concern

Elegant Terns are known for their graceful flight and long, slender wings. During the breeding season, they develop a distinctive black cap on their heads.

Elephant

Scientific NameLoxodonta (African), Elephas (Asian)
Special HabitSocial herbivore, intelligent
Place of OriginAfrica (African Elephant), Asia (Asian Elephant)
SizeLarge (largest land mammals)
Commonly Found InSavannas, forests, grasslands
Lifespan60-70 years (African), 60-80 years (Asian)
DietHerbivorous, mainly grasses, leaves, and fruits
ReproductionViviparous, long gestation period
Conservation StatusVulnerable (African), Endangered (Asian)

Elephants are known for their exceptional memory, strong social bonds, and use of tools. They are also capable of complex emotions like joy, grief, and empathy.

Elephant Beetle

Scientific NameMegasoma elephas
Special HabitNocturnal, primarily ground-dwelling
Place of OriginCentral and South America
SizeLarge (one of the largest beetles)
Commonly Found InTropical rainforests
LifespanSeveral months
DietDecomposing plant matter, fruits
ReproductionOviparous, lays eggs in decaying wood
Conservation StatusNot Assessed

Elephant Beetles get their name from the elongated, trunk-like projection on the males’ head.

Elephant Bird

Scientific NameAepyornithidae
Special HabitExtinct flightless bird
Place of OriginMadagascar
SizeGigantic (largest bird species)
Commonly Found InMadagascar, now extinct
LifespanExtinct (Last species disappeared around 1,000 years ago)
DietHerbivorous, likely fed on plants and fruits
ReproductionOviparous, laid large eggs
Conservation StatusExtinct

The Elephant Bird was the largest bird known to have existed, with some species reaching over 10 feet in height.

Elephant Fish

Scientific NameGnathonemus petersii
Special HabitNocturnal, freshwater fish
Place of OriginAfrican freshwater habitats
SizeMedium
Commonly Found InRivers and lakes
Lifespan5-10 years
DietCarnivorous, feeds on insects and small fish
ReproductionOviparous, lays eggs
Conservation StatusLeast Concern

The Elephant Fish is named for its elongated, trunk-like snout, which is used to detect electrical signals produced by other fish, helping it navigate and find prey.

Elephant Seal

Scientific NameMirounga
Special HabitSemi-aquatic, spends much of its life at sea
Place of OriginSouthern Hemisphere coastlines
SizeHuge (largest seal species)
Commonly Found InBeaches, islands, subantarctic regions
Lifespan20-22 years
DietCarnivorous, mainly fish and squid
ReproductionPinniped, gives birth on land
Conservation StatusLeast Concern

Male Elephant Seals are known for their large, inflatable proboscis, resembling an elephant’s trunk, used to make loud vocalizations.

Elephant Shrew

Scientific NameMacroscelides
Special HabitTerrestrial, insectivorous
Place of OriginAfrica (various regions)
SizeSmall
Commonly Found InVarious habitats, savannas, forests
Lifespan2-4 years
DietInsectivorous, feeds on insects and spiders
ReproductionOviparous, gives birth to live young
Conservation StatusNot Evaluated

Elephant Shrews are nimble and fast runners, using their long noses to probe for insects and navigate their surroundings.

Elf Owl

Scientific NameMicrathene whitneyi
Special HabitNocturnal, cavity-nesting owl
Place of OriginSouthwestern United States, Mexico
SizeTiny (smallest owl species)
Commonly Found InDesert regions, arid landscapes
Lifespan3-5 years
DietInsectivorous, feeds on insects and small prey
ReproductionMonogamous, nests in tree hollows
Conservation StatusLeast Concern

Despite their small size, Elf Owls have a distinct hooting call, and their keen hunting skills make them effective nocturnal predators.

Elk

Scientific NameCervus canadensis
Special HabitHerbivorous, migratory
Place of OriginNorth America, Asia, Europe
SizeLarge (second-largest deer species)
Commonly Found InForests, grasslands, mountains
Lifespan8-12 years (in the wild)
DietHerbivorous, grazes on grasses and shrubs
ReproductionPolygamous, mating season called rut
Conservation StatusLeast Concern

Male Elk, known as bulls, have impressive antlers that can span up to four feet and are shed and regrown annually.

Ember Tetra

Scientific NameHyphessobrycon amandae
Special HabitFreshwater, schooling fish
Place of OriginBrazil, South America
SizeSmall
Commonly Found InSlow-moving rivers, streams, and tributaries
Lifespan2-4 years
DietOmnivorous, eats small invertebrates and plants
ReproductionEgg-layer, scatters eggs among plants
Conservation StatusNot Evaluated

Ember Tetras are known for their vibrant reddish-orange coloration. They are a popular choice to aquarium enthusiasts.

Embolotherium

Scientific NameEmbolotherium
Special HabitHerbivorous, prehistoric mammal
Place of OriginAsia (during the Oligocene epoch)
SizeLarge (mammal of the Rhinocerotoidea superfamily)
Commonly Found InExtinct species
LifespanExtinct
DietHerbivorous, likely fed on vegetation
ReproductionInformation not available
Conservation StatusExtinct

Embolotherium, an extinct relative of modern-day rhinoceroses, had an impressive pair of upward-curving horns on its snout.

Emerald Toucanet

Scientific NameAulacorhynchus prasinus
Special HabitArboreal, frugivorous
Place of OriginCentral and South America
SizeSmall to medium-sized
Commonly Found InMontane forests, subtropical and tropical regions
Lifespan15-20 years
DietFrugivorous, primarily eats fruits
ReproductionMonogamous, nests in tree cavities
Conservation StatusLeast Concern

The vibrant emerald-green plumage of the Emerald Toucanet makes it a stunning and easily recognizable bird in its native habitat.

Emerald Tree Boa

Scientific NameCorallus caninus
Special HabitArboreal, nocturnal, constrictor
Place of OriginSouth America (Amazon rainforest)
SizeMedium to large
Commonly Found InTrees of tropical rainforests
Lifespan15-20 years
DietCarnivorous, preys on small mammals and birds
ReproductionViviparous, gives birth to live young
Conservation StatusLeast Concern

The Emerald Tree Boa is known for its striking emerald-green coloration and is often found coiled on tree branches, camouflaging itself among the foliage.

Emerald Tree Monitor

Scientific NameVaranus prasinus
Special HabitArboreal, diurnal
Place of OriginNew Guinea and surrounding islands
SizeMedium
Commonly Found InTrees of tropical rainforests
Lifespan8-12 years
DietInsectivorous, feeds on insects and small vertebrates
ReproductionOviparous, lays eggs in tree cavities
Conservation StatusLeast Concern

Emerald Tree Monitors are skilled climbers and use their prehensile tail for balance while navigating through the trees.

Emperor Angelfish

Scientific NamePomacanthus imperator
Special HabitReef-associated, diurnal
Place of OriginIndo-Pacific region
SizeMedium to large
Commonly Found InCoral reefs, lagoons
LifespanUp to 15 years
DietOmnivorous, feeds on sponges, algae, and small invertebrates
ReproductionOviparous, lays eggs on the ocean floor
Conservation StatusLeast Concern

Emperor Angelfish undergo dramatic color changes throughout their life, transitioning from juvenile to subadult and finally to adult coloration.

Emperor Goose

Scientific NameAnser canagicus
Special HabitTerrestrial, migratory
Place of OriginAlaska, Aleutian Islands
SizeMedium to large
Commonly Found InCoastal areas, tundra
LifespanUp to 10 years
DietHerbivorous, feeds on grasses, sedges, and aquatic plants
ReproductionMonogamous, nests on the ground
Conservation StatusLeast Concern

Emperor Geese are known for their distinctive black head and neck, contrasting with the white band around their lower neck.

Emperor Penguin

Scientific NameAptenodytes forsteri
Special HabitMarine, non-migratory
Place of OriginAntarctica
SizeLarge
Commonly Found InSea ice, icebergs, and open ocean in Antarctica
Lifespan20 years or more
DietCarnivorous, primarily fish and squid
ReproductionUnique, male incubates the egg on its feet
Conservation StatusNear Threatened

Emperor Penguins are excellent divers. They are capable of reaching depths of over 500 meters (1,640 feet) while hunting for food.

Emperor Tamarin

Scientific NameSaguinus imperator
Special HabitArboreal, diurnal
Place of OriginWestern Amazon Basin, Peru and Brazil
SizeSmall
Commonly Found InTropical rainforests
Lifespan15 years or more
DietOmnivorous, eats fruits, insects, and small vertebrates
ReproductionUsually gives birth to twins
Conservation StatusLeast Concern

Emperor Tamarins are named for their distinctive facial hair, which resembles the mustache of a certain emperor.

Emu

Scientific NameDromaius novaehollandiae
Special HabitTerrestrial, flightless
Place of OriginAustralia
SizeLarge
Commonly Found InGrasslands, savannas
Lifespan10-20 years
DietHerbivorous, mainly eats seeds, fruits, and plants
ReproductionMale incubates eggs, monogamous
Conservation StatusLeast Concern

Emus are excellent runners and can reach speeds of up to 30 miles per hour (48 km/h).

Enchi Ball Python

Scientific NamePython regius
Special HabitTerrestrial, nocturnal
Place of OriginWest Africa, savannas and grasslands
SizeMedium
Commonly Found InWest Africa, captivity
Lifespan20-30 years (in captivity)
DietCarnivorous, preys on small mammals
ReproductionOviparous, lays eggs
Conservation StatusNot evaluated (common in captivity)

Enchi Ball Pythons are popular in the exotic pet trade for their striking coloration and docile nature.

English Angora Rabbit

Scientific NameOryctolagus cuniculus
Special HabitTerrestrial, herbivorous
Place of OriginAnkara Province, Turkey
SizeSmall to medium
Commonly Found InDomestic settings, rabbitries
Lifespan7-12 years
DietHerbivorous, hay, vegetables
ReproductionOvoviviparous, gives birth to furred kits
Conservation StatusNot applicable (domesticated)

English Angora Rabbits are known for their long, silky fur, which requires regular grooming to prevent matting.

English Bulldog

Scientific NameCanis lupus familiaris
Special HabitDomesticated, companion
Place of OriginEngland
SizeMedium
Commonly Found InHomes, urban settings
Lifespan8-12 years
DietOmnivorous, commercial dog food
ReproductionViviparous, gives birth to puppies
Conservation StatusNot applicable (domesticated)

English Bulldogs have a distinctive wrinkled face and pushed-in nose, contributing to their unique appearance.

English Cocker Spaniel

Scientific NameCanis lupus familiaris
Special HabitEnergetic, hunting instincts
Place of OriginEngland
SizeSmall to medium
Commonly Found InHomes, dog shows
Lifespan12-15 years
DietOmnivorous, balanced dog food
ReproductionViviparous, gives birth to puppies
Conservation StatusNot applicable (domesticated)

English Cocker Spaniels are known for their friendly disposition and distinctive long, floppy ears.

English Cream Golden Retriever

Scientific NameCanis lupus familiaris
Special HabitFriendly, versatile
Place of OriginScotland, England
SizeLarge
Commonly Found InHomes, dog shows
Lifespan10-12 years
DietOmnivorous, balanced dog food
ReproductionViviparous, gives birth to puppies
Conservation StatusNot applicable (domesticated)

English Cream Golden Retrievers are prized for their cream-colored coats and gentle temperament.

English Crested Guinea Pig

Scientific NameCavia porcellus
Special HabitSocial, herbivorous
Place of OriginSouth America
SizeSmall
Commonly Found InDomestic settings, pet shops
Lifespan5-8 years
DietHerbivorous, hay, vegetables
ReproductionViviparous, gives birth to pups
Conservation StatusNot applicable (domesticated)

English Crested Guinea Pigs are easily recognizable by the distinctive crest of hair on their heads.

English Foxhound

Scientific NameCanis lupus familiaris
Special HabitEnergetic, hunting instincts
Place of OriginEngland
SizeLarge
Commonly Found InHunting packs, rural areas
Lifespan10-13 years
DietHigh-energy dog food, meat
ReproductionViviparous, gives birth to puppies
Conservation StatusNot applicable (domesticated)

English Foxhounds are renowned for their keen sense of smell and endurance, making them excellent hunting companions.

English Longhorn Cattle

Scientific NameBos taurus
Special HabitHerbivorous, grazing
Place of OriginEngland
SizeLarge
Commonly Found InFarms, pastures
Lifespan15-20 years
DietHerbivorous, grass, forage
ReproductionViviparous, gives birth to calves
Conservation StatusDomesticated, various breeds

English Longhorn Cattle are known for their distinctive long, curved horns and adaptability to various climates.

English Pointer

Scientific NameCanis lupus familiaris
Special HabitPointing, hunting instincts
Place of OriginEngland
SizeMedium to large
Commonly Found InHunting grounds, homes
Lifespan12-15 years
DietHigh-energy dog food, meat
ReproductionViviparous, gives birth to puppies
Conservation StatusNot applicable (domesticated)

English Pointers are prized for their ability to “point” at game birds, aiding hunters in locating prey.

English Setter

Scientific NameCanis lupus familiaris
Special HabitHunting, pointing instincts
Place of OriginEngland
SizeMedium to large
Commonly Found InHunting fields, homes
Lifespan10-12 years
DietHigh-energy dog food, meat
ReproductionViviparous, gives birth to puppies
Conservation StatusNot applicable (domesticated)

English Setters are known for their distinctive coat patterns and friendly, sociable nature.

English Shepherd

Scientific NameCanis lupus familiaris
Special HabitHerding, protective instincts
Place of OriginEngland
SizeMedium
Commonly Found InFarms, rural areas
Lifespan12-15 years
DietBalanced dog food, meat
ReproductionViviparous, gives birth to puppies
Conservation StatusNot applicable (domesticated)

English Shepherds are versatile working dogs, excelling in herding and serving as loyal family pets.

English Springer Spaniel

Scientific NameCanis lupus familiaris
Special HabitEnergetic, retrieving instincts
Place of OriginEngland
SizeMedium
Commonly Found InHomes, parks, hunting grounds
Lifespan12-14 years
DietHigh-quality dog food, meat
ReproductionViviparous, gives birth to puppies
Conservation StatusNot applicable (domesticated)

English Springer Spaniels are known for their boundless energy and friendly nature, making them excellent companions for active families.

English Toy Terrier

Scientific NameCanis lupus familiaris
Special HabitAlert, playful instincts
Place of OriginEngland
SizeSmall
Commonly Found InHomes, urban areas
Lifespan12-15 years
DietSmall breed dog food, meat
ReproductionViviparous, gives birth to puppies
Conservation StatusNot applicable (domesticated)

English Toy Terriers, despite their small size, are known for their agility and make affectionate companions.

Entlebucher Mountain Dog

Scientific NameCanis lupus familiaris
Special HabitWorking, herding instincts
Place of OriginSwitzerland
SizeMedium
Commonly Found InFarms, mountainous regions
Lifespan10-15 years
DietHigh-quality dog food, meat
ReproductionViviparous, gives birth to puppies
Conservation StatusNot applicable (domesticated)

Entlebucher Mountain Dogs are the smallest of the Swiss mountain dogs and are known for their loyalty and protective nature.

Epagneul Pont Audemer

Scientific NameCanis lupus familiaris
Special HabitRetrieving, swimming instincts
Place of OriginFrance
SizeMedium
Commonly Found InWetlands, hunting areas
Lifespan11-14 years
DietHigh-quality dog food, meat
ReproductionViviparous, gives birth to puppies
Conservation StatusNot applicable (domesticated)

Epagneul Pont Audemer is one of the rarest French dog breeds, known for its webbed feet and love for water-related activities.

Epicyon haydeni

Scientific NameEpicyon haydeni
Special HabitExtinct
Place of OriginNorth America
SizeLarge
Commonly Found InExtinct, prehistoric times
LifespanExtinct
DietCarnivorous
ReproductionExtinct
Conservation StatusExtinct

Epicyon haydeni was an extinct genus of the dog family that lived during the Miocene and Pliocene epochs, known for its large size compared to modern-day canids.

Epidexipteryx

Scientific NameEpidexipteryx
Special HabitUnknown
Place of OriginChina
SizeSmall
Commonly Found InFossilized remains
LifespanExtinct
DietUnknown
ReproductionUnknown
Conservation StatusExtinct

Epidexipteryx is a small, extinct genus of theropod dinosaur known from a single fossilized specimen.They have long feathers on its tail and hindlimbs.

Equatorial Spitting Cobra

Scientific NameNaja mossambica
Special HabitArboreal, terrestrial
Place of OriginAfrica, Middle East, Asia
SizeMedium
Commonly Found InForests, grasslands, urban areas
Lifespan12-20 years
DietRodents, birds, eggs
ReproductionOviparous, lays eggs
Conservation StatusLeast Concern

Equatorial Spitting Cobras can accurately spit venom at a target up to 6 feet away. This is their defense mechanism against potential threats.

Equus giganteus

Scientific NameEquus giganteus
Special HabitGrazing
Place of OriginNorth America
SizeLarge
Commonly Found InGrasslands, plains
LifespanExtinct
DietHerbivorous
ReproductionViviparous, gives birth to foals
Conservation StatusExtinct

Equus giganteus, commonly known as the giant horse, was a large, extinct species of horse that lived during the Pleistocene epoch.

Ermine

Scientific NameMustela erminea
Special HabitNocturnal, burrow-dwelling
Place of OriginNorthern regions, worldwide
SizeSmall
Commonly Found InWoodlands, tundra, grasslands
Lifespan1-2 years (wild), 7 years (captivity)
DietSmall mammals, birds
ReproductionOvoviviparous, gives birth to kits
Conservation StatusLeast Concern

The ermine is known for its white fur. But in warmer seasons, its fur turns brown, except for the black tip on its tail.

Eryops

Scientific NameEryops
Special HabitAmphibious
Place of OriginNorth America
SizeLarge
Commonly Found InWetlands, swamps
LifespanExtinct
DietCarnivorous
ReproductionUnknown
Conservation StatusExtinct

Eryops was a large, extinct amphibian that lived during the Permian period, showcasing adaptations for both aquatic and terrestrial environments.

Escolar

Scientific NameLepidocybium flavobrunneum
Special HabitDeep-sea, pelagic
Place of OriginWorldwide oceans, tropical/subtropical zones
SizeMedium
Commonly Found InDeep-sea waters
LifespanUp to 10 years
DietFishes, squid, crustaceans
ReproductionOviparous, releases eggs
Conservation StatusNot Evaluated

Escolar, also known as the snake mackerel, has unique wax esters in its flesh that can cause digestive issues in some people when consumed in large quantities.

Eskimo Dog

Scientific NameCanis lupus familiaris
Special HabitSled-pulling, working
Place of OriginArctic regions
SizeMedium to large
Commonly Found InArctic and subarctic regions
Lifespan12-15 years
DietOmnivorous
ReproductionViviparous, gives birth to pups
Conservation StatusNot Applicable (Domesticated)

Eskimo Dogs are also called Inuit or Husky. They are known for their strength and endurance, making them excellent sled dogs in cold, snowy environments.

Eskipoo

Scientific NameCanis lupus familiaris
Special HabitCompanion
Place of OriginNot Applicable (Crossbreed)
SizeSmall to medium
Commonly Found InHomes, families
Lifespan10-15 years
DietOmnivorous
ReproductionViviparous, gives birth to pups
Conservation StatusNot Applicable (Domesticated)

The Eskipoo is a charming and affectionate crossbreed between an American Eskimo Dog and a Poodle, known for its friendly disposition and fluffy coat.

Estrela Mountain Dog

Scientific NameCanis lupus familiaris
Special HabitLivestock guarding, working
Place of OriginPortugal
SizeLarge
Commonly Found InMountainous regions, farms
Lifespan10-12 years
DietOmnivorous
ReproductionViviparous, gives birth to pups
Conservation StatusNot Applicable (Domesticated)

The Estrela Mountain Dog, originating from Portugal, is a loyal and protective breed often used for guarding livestock in challenging terrains.

Euoplocephalus

Scientific NameEuoplocephalus
Special HabitHerbivorous, quadrupedal
Place of OriginNorth America
SizeLarge
Commonly Found InForests, plains
LifespanExtinct
DietHerbivorous
ReproductionOviparous, laid eggs
Conservation StatusExtinct

Euoplocephalus was a heavily armored dinosaur with a bony club at the end of its tail, providing defense against predators during the Late Cretaceous period.

Eurasian Beaver

Scientific NameCastor fiber
Special HabitSemi-aquatic, dam-building
Place of OriginEurasia
SizeMedium to large
Commonly Found InRivers, lakes, wetlands
Lifespan10-15 years
DietHerbivorous, bark, aquatic plants
ReproductionViviparous, gives birth to kits
Conservation StatusLeast Concern

Eurasian Beavers are remarkable builders, constructing lodges and dams with sticks, mud, and stones to create habitats that provide safety and easy access to food.

Eurasian Bullfinch

Scientific NamePyrrhula pyrrhula
Special HabitArboreal, seed-eating
Place of OriginEurasia
SizeSmall
Commonly Found InForests, gardens
Lifespan2-3 years
DietSeeds, buds, insects
ReproductionOviparous, lays eggs
Conservation StatusLeast Concern

Fun Fact: Male Eurasian Bullfinches boast striking pink plumage, adding a burst of color to their surroundings during the breeding season.

Eurasian Collared Dove

Scientific NameStreptopelia decaocto
Special HabitGround-dwelling, seed-eating
Place of OriginIndia, Southeast Europe
SizeSmall to medium
Commonly Found InUrban areas, farmlands
Lifespan4-6 years
DietSeeds, grains
ReproductionOviparous, lays eggs
Conservation StatusLeast Concern

Eurasian Collared Doves are known for their soft, cooing calls, often heard in both rural and urban environments.

Eurasian Eagle-owl

Scientific NameBubo bubo
Special HabitNocturnal, raptor
Place of OriginEurope, Asia, Africa
SizeLarge
Commonly Found InForests, mountains
Lifespan20-30 years
DietCarnivorous, mammals, birds
ReproductionOviparous, lays eggs
Conservation StatusLeast Concern

The Eurasian Eagle-owl is one of the largest owl species, recognized for its impressive tufted ears and powerful hunting abilities.

Eurasian Jay

Scientific NameGarrulus glandarius
Special HabitArboreal, omnivorous
Place of OriginEurasia
SizeMedium
Commonly Found InWoodlands, parks
Lifespan5-7 years
DietOmnivorous, acorns, insects
ReproductionOviparous, lays eggs
Conservation StatusLeast Concern

Eurasian Jays are known for their intelligence, often hiding acorns for future consumption and playing a vital role in forest regeneration.

Eurasian Lynx

Scientific NameLynx lynx
Special HabitSolitary, nocturnal, carnivorous
Place of OriginEurope, Asia
SizeMedium to large
Commonly Found InForests, mountains
Lifespan10-15 years
DietCarnivorous, ungulates, small mammals
ReproductionViviparous, gives birth to kittens
Conservation StatusLeast Concern

Eurasian Lynx have tufted ears and distinctive facial markings; they are skilled hunters, capable of taking down prey much larger than themselves.

Eurasian Nuthatch

Scientific NameSitta europaea
Special HabitArboreal, crevice forager
Place of OriginEurope, Asia
SizeSmall
Commonly Found InWoodlands, gardens
Lifespan2-3 years
DietInsects, seeds, nuts
ReproductionOviparous, lays eggs
Conservation StatusLeast Concern

Eurasian Nuthatches are known for their unique head-first climbing behavior, navigating tree trunks and branches with ease.

Eurasian Sparrowhawk

Scientific NameAccipiter nisus
Special HabitAccipitrine, agile hunter
Place of OriginEurope, Asia, Africa
SizeSmall to medium
Commonly Found InWoodlands, urban areas
Lifespan7-10 years
DietCarnivorous, small birds
ReproductionOviparous, lays eggs
Conservation StatusLeast Concern

Eurasian Sparrowhawks are adept fliers, using stealth and agility to surprise their avian prey during flight.

Eurasian Wolf

Scientific NameCanis lupus lupus
Special HabitPack hunter, carnivorous
Place of OriginEurope, Asia
SizeLarge
Commonly Found InForests, plains, mountains
Lifespan6-8 years (wild)
DietCarnivorous, ungulates, small mammals
ReproductionViviparous, gives birth to pups
Conservation StatusLeast Concern

Eurasian Wolves are highly social animals, living in packs with a structured hierarchy and effective cooperative hunting.

Eurasier

Scientific NameCanis lupus familiaris × Vulpes vulpes
Special HabitCompanion dog, family-oriented
Place of OriginGermany, Europe
SizeMedium to large
Commonly Found InHouseholds, companionship
Lifespan12-15 years
DietOmnivorous, commercial dog food
ReproductionViviparous, gives birth to puppies
Conservation StatusNot applicable (domesticated)

The Eurasier is a modern breed, known for its calm and gentle demeanor, making it an excellent companion for families.

European Bee-Eater

Scientific NameMerops apiaster
Special HabitAerial forager, migratory
Place of OriginEurope, Asia, Africa
SizeSmall to medium
Commonly Found InOpen landscapes, riversides
Lifespan6-10 years
DietInsects, especially bees and wasps
ReproductionOviparous, lays eggs
Conservation StatusLeast Concern

European Bee-Eaters are known for their stunning plumage and remarkable feeding behavior, catching and consuming insects mid-flight.

European Corn Borer

Scientific NameOstrinia nubilalis
Special HabitAgricultural pest
Place of OriginEurope, introduced to North America
SizeSmall
Commonly Found InAgricultural fields, crops
Lifespan1 year (complete life cycle)
DietCorn, other crops
ReproductionOviparous, lays eggs
Conservation StatusNot applicable (pest)

European Corn Borers are major pests, causing damage to corn crops by tunneling into the stalks and ears.

European Goldfinch

Scientific NameCarduelis carduelis
Special HabitSeed-eater, colorful plumage
Place of OriginEurope, Asia, North Africa
SizeSmall
Commonly Found InGardens, woodlands, meadows
Lifespan3-6 years
DietSeeds, especially thistle seeds
ReproductionOviparous, lays eggs
Conservation StatusLeast Concern

European Goldfinches are known for their vibrant red faces and delightful, twittering calls.

European Polecat

Scientific NameMustela putorius
Special HabitNocturnal, solitary hunter
Place of OriginEurope, Western Asia
SizeMedium
Commonly Found InWoodlands, farmlands, wetlands
Lifespan3-5 years
DietCarnivorous, small mammals, birds
ReproductionViviparous, gives birth to kits
Conservation StatusLeast Concern

European Polecats are skilled hunters, preying on rodents and other small mammals to maintain ecological balance.

European Robin

Scientific NameErithacus rubecula
Special HabitTerritorial, insectivorous
Place of OriginEurope, Western Asia, North Africa
SizeSmall
Commonly Found InGardens, woodlands, urban areas
Lifespan1-2 years
DietInsects, worms, seeds
ReproductionOviparous, lays eggs
Conservation StatusLeast Concern

European Robins are known for their friendly demeanor and are often associated with the festive season in European cultures.

European Starling

Scientific NameSturnus vulgaris
Special HabitMurmuration, mimicry
Place of OriginEurope, Asia, North Africa
SizeSmall to medium
Commonly Found InUrban and rural areas, farmlands
Lifespan2-3 years
DietOmnivorous, insects, fruits, seeds
ReproductionOviparous, lays eggs
Conservation StatusLeast Concern

European Starlings are exceptional mimics, known for imitating various sounds, including car alarms and other bird species.

European Wildcat

Scientific NameFelis silvestris silvestris
Special HabitSolitary, elusive
Place of OriginEurope, Western Asia
SizeMedium
Commonly Found InForests, grasslands, woodlands
Lifespan10-12 years
DietCarnivorous, small mammals, birds
ReproductionViviparous, gives birth to kittens
Conservation StatusNear Threatened

European Wildcats are elusive and fiercely independent, with distinct markings on their fur.

Eurypterus

Scientific NameEurypterus remipes
Special HabitAncient sea scorpion
Place of OriginPaleozoic seas
SizeLarge
Commonly Found InFossilized, ancient marine deposits
LifespanExtinct (Paleozoic era)
DietCarnivorous, marine invertebrates
ReproductionOviparous, laid eggs
Conservation StatusExtinct

Eurypterus was an ancient sea scorpion that existed around 400 million years ago during the Paleozoic era.

Evening Bat

Scientific NameNycticeius humeralis
Special HabitNocturnal, insectivorous
Place of OriginNorth America
SizeSmall
Commonly Found InForests, urban areas, caves
Lifespan4-5 years
DietInsects
ReproductionViviparous, gives birth to pups
Conservation StatusLeast Concern

Evening Bats play a crucial role in controlling insect populations, consuming a significant number of pests each night.

Evening Grosbeak

Scientific NameCoccothraustes vespertinus
Special HabitSeed-eater, colorful plumage
Place of OriginNorth America, Central America
SizeMedium
Commonly Found InConiferous and mixed forests
Lifespan4-7 years
DietSeeds, fruits, insects
ReproductionOviparous, lays eggs
Conservation StatusLeast Concern

Evening Grosbeaks are known for their vibrant plumage, with striking yellow, black, and white colors.

Executioner Wasp

Scientific NamePolistes carnifex
Special HabitEusocial, nests on structures
Place of OriginSouth America
SizeSmall to medium
Commonly Found InForests, urban areas
LifespanFew months
DietInsects, nectar
ReproductionEusocial, queen and workers
Conservation StatusNot Evaluated

Executioner Wasps are named for their potent stings, which are used for hunting and defense. Despite their fearsome reputation, they play a crucial role in insect control.

Eyelash Viper

Eyelash Viper is the last creature in the list of animals that start with E
Scientific NameBothriechis schlegelii
Special HabitArboreal, ambush predator
Place of OriginCentral and South America
SizeSmall
Commonly Found InRainforests, tropical regions
Lifespan10-20 years
DietSmall mammals, birds, frogs
ReproductionViviparous, gives birth to live young
Conservation StatusLeast Concern

Eyelash Vipers get their name from the enlarged scales above their eyes, resembling eyelashes. Their venom is potent but primarily used for subduing prey rather than defense.

Final Words

Hopefully, this journey of discovering animals that starts with E help you to learn new things about our amazing world. Stay curious and continue your exploration. Be ready to discover more awesome things.

About Sabrina Tulip

I'm Sabrina Tulip, and I have a deep passion for all things animal world. I'm committed to helping others who loves wild animals. Reach out to me at sabrina@animallists.com for gardening advice and tips. Let's make the world a little greener together!

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